London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1856. Hardcover. First Edition. An important and compelling history of the Red River Settlement by a Scotch immigrant who worked and traveled in this region and others for the Pacific Fur Company and the North West Company, later the Hudson Bay Company. Alexander Ross (1783-1856) emigrated to Upper Canada, present day Ontario, from Scotland about 1805. After several years in the Pacific Northwest, Ross subsequently moved to the Red River Colony, present-day Manitoba, where he served as Sheriff, Post master, and a member of the council. Ross published a number of books including the notable The Red River Settlement. Ross's work was the first complete history of the Red River Colony and its inhabitants, economy and development, and the trials and tribulations of this remote settlement. The Red River Colony, a key part of Manitoba's rich history, was a settlement on the Red and Assiniboine rivers whose boundaries crossed parts of what are now Manitoba and North Dakota. Founded in 1812 by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk, the colony grew through times of extreme hardship into a multiracial society. It was the site of the Red River Resistance before reluctantly joining Canada as the province of Manitoba [Wikipedia]. Bound in three quarter green leather with green and orange marbled paper covers and marbled endpapers. Spine faded, joints somewhat tender, some bumping. Interior pages in very good condition with occasional brown spots and a few pages with tear to right margin not affecting text. Note in pencil at top of preface and beginning of chapter XX. Octavo. 416 pages. CANADA/031021. Very Good.